Listening is an extremely complex communicative activity. In order to have a better understanding, to anticipate what is coming is very important.An effective listener should continuously develop more or less specific readiness for what will come next. If a listener hears what he has expected, it will be much easier for him to receive the information.But if what he hears is totally out of his expectation,he will fail to get the message. The skill to anticipate what is coming in listening comprehension depends largely on the listener's familiarity with the theme(主题) of the message.It also depends on the listener's knowledge of the speaker as well as the situation. Obviously, when we listen to something that we already have some information about, it is generally much easier for us to take in the new information .Therefore,pre-listening preparation seems to play an important role in increasing our comprehension .Before actual listening ,we could perhaps first give some thought to the topic ,discuss it with others ,and then read some related material and do some vocabulary work. If we could make ourselves fully prepared for the coming talks or lectures,we are more likely to become effective listeners. Of course,readiness beforehand is not at all enough .Active thinking must take place all the way through .In fact ,we should always try to think ahead of the speaker.考生如果怕自己错过考试报名时间和考试时间的话，可以 免费预约短信提醒，届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。
1.The passage is most possible taken from ____ .
C.a news report
D.a fashion magazine
2.What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A.How to think actively in listening comprehension.
B.How to develop specific readiness before listening.
C.The skills in anticipating in listening comprehension.
D.The importance of anticipating in listening comprehension.
3.The skill to anticipate in listening comprehension depends largely on ____ .
A.the listener's emotion
B.the difficulty of the message
C.the listener's communicative skills
D.The listener's familiarity with the topic
4.In order to anticipate ,the first thing to do before actual listening may be ____ .
A.do some vocabulary work
B.think about the topic
C.read some related material
D.discuss the topic with others
5.What is the author's attitude towards anticipating in listening comprehension?
答案：1-5 B D D B B